Recommended Reading

Reading relevant to Pain Medicine practice

This section includes articles of interest; some recent, some dating back some years but still very relevant to today’s practice and knowledge base. They are intended to be useful to read preparation for the exam, but also for continued professional development.

This list of recommended reading will be updated regularly by the Faculty. Previous recommended papers will be archived for future reference.  For copyright reasons, only the reference and the link to the paper are listed.  

Click the headers in each section below to show the relevant papers for this month.

Access to papers

The great majority of papers listed will be open access or available through NHS libraries. Some are publications from peer reviewed Journals, some are articles of interest from other sources. The papers listed intend to reflect the multidisciplinary ethos of Pain Medicine. 

Journal Club

Complimenting this section is the Journal Club section where specific papers are listed with specific questions posed, aimed to generate interest and further reading.  

Recommended Reading August 2022

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6499732/

Pain. 2019 May; 160(Suppl 1): S1–S10.

Chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy (CIPN): where are we now?

Lesley A Colvin

https://www.mdpi.com/1422-0067/22/19/10835

Inflammatory Mechanisms in the Pathophysiology of Diabetic Peripheral

Neuropathy (DN)—New Aspects by Petra Baum, Klaus V. Toyka, Matthias Blüher, Joanna Kosacka , Marcin Nowicki 

Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2021, 22(19), 10835; 
 

https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s40122-020-00210-3

Pharmacological Management of Painful Peripheral Neuropathies: A Systematic Review

Andreas Liampas, Martina Rekatsina, Athina Vadalouca, Antonella Paladini, Giustino Varrassi & Panagiotis Zis 

Pain and Therapy volume 10, pages 55–68 (2021)
 

https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/abs/10.1177/2049463721989753

Peoples’ experiences of painful diabetic neuropathy: are pain management programmes appropriate?

Ben Davies, Fiona Cramp, Jeremy Gauntlett-Gilbert

British Journal of Pain, Volume: 15 issue: 4, page(s): 450-459

Article first published online: January 31, 2021; Issue published: November 1, 2021

https://doi.org/10.1155/2021/5607898

Spinal Cord Stimulation and Treatment of Peripheral or Central Neuropathic Pain: Mechanisms and Clinical Application

Liting Sun , Changgeng Pengl Elbert Joosten, Chi Wai Cheung, et al.

Review Article – Neural Plasticity Volume 2021 |Article ID 5607898

https://www.mdpi.com/2077-0383/10/16/3694/htm

Acupuncture Relieved Chemotherapy-Induced Peripheral Neuropathy in Patients with Breast Cancer: A Pilot Randomized Sham-Controlled Trial, by Chien-Chen Huang, Tsung-Jung Ho, Hsin-Yueh Ho, et al.

J. Clin. Med. 2021, 10(16), 3694;
 

https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s11764-021-00997-w

A systematic review of behavioural and exercise interventions for the prevention and management of chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy symptoms

Mary Anne Lagmay Tanay, Jo Armes, Rona Moss-Morris, Anne Marie Rafferty & Glenn Robert 

Journal of Cancer Survivorship (2021)

https://n.neurology.org/content/98/1/31

Oral and Topical Treatment of Painful Diabetic Polyneuropathy: Practice Guideline Update Summary

Report of the AAN Guideline Subcommittee

Raymond Price, Don Smith, Gary Franklin, et al.

Neurology January 04, 2022; 98 (1) SPECIAL ARTICLE
 

Do you have suggestions for Recommended Reading?
Contact the Faculty if you have any papers to suggest.

Recommended Reading July 2022

Management of Rheumatoid Arthritis: An Overview.
Radu A & Bungau SG.
Cells. 2021 Nov;10(11):2857.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8616326/

Dietary Habits and Nutrition in Rheumatoid Arthritis: Can Diet Influence Disease Development and Clinical Manifestations?

Gioia C, Lucchino B, Tarsitano MG, Iannuccelli C, Di Franco M.
Nutrients. 2020 May;12(5): 1456.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7284442/

Advanced application of stimuli-responsive drug delivery system for inflammatory arthritis treatment.

Zhang M, Hu W, Cai C, Wu Y, Li J, Dong S.

Mater Today Bio. 2022 Feb 21;14:100223.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8881671/
 

Depression and Subsequent Risk for Incident Rheumatoid Arthritis Among Women.

Sparks JA, Malspeis S, Hahn J, Wang J, Roberts AL, Kubzansky LA, Costenbader KH.

Arthritis Care Res (Hoboken). 2021 Jan;73(1):78-89.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7775283/

Effects of intra-articular pulsed radiofrequency current administration on a rabbit model of rheumatoid arthritis.

Cho HK, Park G, Sung WJ, Kawk SG, Jung WB.

Exp Ther Med. 2020 Nov;20(5):29.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7480132/
 

Effectiveness of resistance exercises in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis: A meta-analysis.

Wen Z, Chai Y.

Medicine (Baltimore). 2021 Apr 2; 100(13): e25019.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8021371/
 

Hand function and adaptive equipment use in patients with rheumatoid arthritis.

Rodrigues M, Rodrigues J, Afonso C, et al.

Acta Reumatol Port. Oct-Dec 2019;44(4):273-280.

http://actareumatologica.pt/article_download.php?id=1412
 

Influence of Ambient Air Pollution on Rheumatoid Arthritis Disease Activity Score Index.

Alsaber A, Pan J, Al-Herz A, Alkandary DS, Al-Hurban A, Setiya P.

 Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2020 Jan; 17(2): 416.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7013841/
 

Recommended Reading June 2022

Persistent Spinal Pain Syndrome: A Proposal for Failed Back Surgery Syndrome and ICD-11 

Nick Christelis, MD et al

Pain Medicine, Volume 22, Issue 4, April 2021, Pages 807–818,  
Published: 27 January 2021

https://academic.oup.com/painmedicine/article/22/4/807/6120821?login=true

A Novel Multi-Dimensional Clinical Response Index Dedicated to Improving Global Assessment of Pain in Patients with Persistent Spinal Pain Syndrome after Spinal Surgery, Based on a Real-Life Prospective Multicentric Study (PREDIBACK) and Machine Learning Techniques

Philippe Rigoard et al 

J. Clin. Med. 2021, 10(21), 4910; https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm10214910

Published: 24 October 2021

https://www.mdpi.com/2077-0383/10/21/4910/htm
 

Pain management after laminectomy: a systematic review and procedure-specific post-operative pain management (prospect) recommendations

Laurens Peene et al, PROSPECT Working Group Collaborators & European Society of Regional Anaesthesia

European Spine Journal, volume 30, pages2925–2935 (2021)

https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00586-020-06661-8

Validity of a pre-surgical algorithm to predict pain, functional disability, and emotional functioning 1 year after spine surgery.

Marek Ryan et al

American Psychological Association, Psychological assessment
2021, Volume 33, No6 541 – 551

https://psycnet.apa.org/record/2021-28765-001

Pain. 2019 Jun; 160(6): 1410–1420.

Published online 2019 Feb 1

Multicolumn spinal cord stimulation for predominant back pain in failed back surgery syndrome patients: a multicenter randomized controlled trial

Philippe Rigoard et al

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6553955/

Single session compared with multiple sessions of education and exercise for older adults with spinal pain in an advanced practice physiotherapy model of care: protocol for a randomised controlled trial

Simon LaFrance et al

BMJ Open, Volume 11, Issue 9, August 2021

https://bmjopen.bmj.com/content/11/9/e053004.full

Professional Status of Persistent Spinal Pain Syndrome Patients after Spinal Surgery (PSPS-T2): What Really Matters? A Prospective Study Introducing the Concept of

“Adapted Professional Activity” Inferred from Clinical, Psychological and Social Influence

Nicolas Naiditch et al

J. Clin. Med. 2021, 10(21), 5055

https://www.mdpi.com/2077-0383/10/21/5055/htm

(Getting it right first time) GIRFT Spinal Surgery, published 2019

https://www.gettingitrightfirsttime.co.uk/surgical-specialty/spinal-surgery/

Recommended Reading May 2022 by Dr Kerry Bosworth

Diagnosis and Treatment of Hip and Knee Osteoarthritis: A Review.

Katz JN, Arant KR, Loeser RF.

JAMA. 2021 Feb 9;325(6):568-578.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8225295/

Effects of Interleukin-1β Inhibition on Incident Hip and Knee Replacement : Exploratory Analyses From a Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Trial. 

Schieker M, Conaghan PG, Mindeholm L, et al. 

Ann Intern Med. 2020 Oct 6;173(7):509-515. 
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8503784/
 

An Updated Systematic Review and Meta-analysis of Duloxetine for Knee Osteoarthritis Pain
Chen B, Duan J, Wen S, Pang J, et al.

Clin J Pain. 2021 Nov 1;37(11):852-862.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8500362/
 

Depression in patients with knee osteoarthritis: risk factors and associations with joint symptoms.

Zheng S, Tu L, Cicuttini F, et al.

BMC Musculoskelet Disord. 2021 Jan 7;22(1):40
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7791830/

Procedural Treatments for Knee Osteoarthritis: A Review of Current Injectable Therapies.
Billesberger LM, Fisher KM, Qadri YJ, et al. 

Pain Res Manag. 2020 Feb 18;2020:3873098.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7049418/

Active video games for knee osteoarthritis improve mobility but not WOMAC score: A randomized controlled trial.

Yu-Ting Lin, Wen-Chung Lee, Ru-Lan Hsieh.

Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine, Volume 63, Issue 6, 2020, Pages 458-465.
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1877065720300221
 

Effects of orthopedic insoles on patients with knee osteoarthritis: A meta-analysis and systematic review.

Yu L, Wang Y, Yang J, et al. 

J Rehabil Med. 2021 May 18;53(5):jrm00191.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8814882/
 

2019 American College of Rheumatology/Arthritis Foundation Guideline for the Management of Osteoarthritis of the Hand, Hip, and Knee.

Kolasinski SL, Neogi T, Hochberg MC, et al. 

Arthritis Rheumatol. 2020 Feb;72(2):220-233.
https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/art.41142

Recommended Reading April 2022

A practical review of functional neurological disorder (FND) for the general physician

Karina Bennett, A Clare Diamond, B Ingrid Hoeritzauer, C Paula Gardiner, D Laura McWhirter, E Alan Carson, F and Jon Stone

Clin Med (Lond). 2021 Jan; 21(1): 28–36

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7850207/

NeuroImage: Clinical

Volume 22, 2019, 101798

Structural alterations in functional neurological disorder and related conditions: a software and hardware problem?

Indrit Bègue, Caitlin Adams, Jon Stone, David L. Perez

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2213158219301482

Clinical and Translational Science

Volume11, Issue 4 July 2018, Pages 352-364

Clinical and Functional Relevance of the Monocarboxylate Transporter Family in Disease Pathophysiology and Drug Therapy

Pascale Fisel, Elke Schaeffeler, Matthias Schwab

https://ascpt.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1111/cts.12551

J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 2021; 92:36–44.

Review: Systematic review of psychotherapy for adults with functional neurological disorder

Myles Gutkin, Loyola McLean, Richard Brown, Richard A Kanaan 

https://jnnp.bmj.com/content/jnnp/92/1/36.full.pdf

Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery and Psychiatry, volume 93, Issue 3, 2021

Review: Neuromodulation for the treatment of functional neurological disorder and somatic symptom disorder: a systematic review

Chika Oriuwa, Adriano Mollica, Anthony Feinstein, Peter Giacobbe, Nir Lipsman, David L Perez, Matthew J Burke

https://jnnp.bmj.com/content/93/3/280.full

Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health Volume57, Issue1, January 2021, Pages 73-79

Psychologically informed physiotherapy as part of a multidisciplinary rehabilitation program for children and adolescents with functional neurological disorder: Physical and mental health outcomes

Kozlowska Kasia, Gray Nicola, Scher Stephen, Savage Blanche

https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/epdf/10.1111/jpc.15122

J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 2020;91:1037–1045.

Occupational therapy consensus recommendations for functional neurological disorder

Clare Nicholson, Mark J Edwards, Alan J Carson, et al.

https://jnnp.bmj.com/content/jnnp/91/10/1037.full.pdf

The IASP classification of chronic pain for ICD-11: chronic primary pain

Nicholas Michael; Vlaeyen Johan W.S., Rief Winfried, et al

PAIN: January 2019 - Volume 160 - Issue 1 - p 28-37

https://journals.lww.com/pain/Abstract/2019/01000/The_IASP_classification_of_chronic_pain_for.4.aspx

Recommended Reading March 2022

Levy N, Mills P, Rockett M. Post-surgical pain management: time for a paradigm shift.

Br J Anaesth. 2019 Aug;123(2):e182-e186. doi: 10.1016/j.bja.2019.05.031. Epub 2019 Jun 12. PMID: 31202562; PMCID: PMC6676157

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/31202562/

Tchetina EV, Glemba KE, et al. Development of Postoperative Pain in Patients with End-Stage Knee Osteoarthritis Is Associated with Upregulation of Genes Related to Extracellular Matrix Degradation, Inflammation, and Apoptosis Measured in the Peripheral Blood before Knee Surgery. Life (Basel).

2020 Sep 30;10(10):224. doi: 10.3390/life10100224. PMID: 33007930; PMCID: PMC7600231.

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/33007930/

Rienstra W, Blikman T, Dijkstra B, et al . Effect of preoperative duloxetine treatment on postoperative chronic residual pain after total hip or knee arthroplasty: a randomised controlled trial.

BMJ Open. 2021 Nov 3;11(11):e052944. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2021-052944. PMID: 34732491; PMCID: PMC8572398.

https://bmjopen.bmj.com/content/11/11/e052944

Vila MR, Todorovic MS, Tang C, et al. Cognitive flexibility and persistent post-surgical pain: the FLEXCAPP prospective observational study.

Br J Anaesth. 2020 May;124(5):614-622. doi: 10.1016/j.bja.2020.02.002. Epub 2020 Mar 10. PMID: 32169255.

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/32169255/

Güler T, Yurdakul FG, Önder ME, et al. Ultrasound-guided genicular nerve block versus physical therapy for chronic knee osteoarthritis: a prospective randomised study.

Rheumatol Int. 2022 Feb 14:1–10. doi: 10.1007/s00296-022-05101-8. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 35165769; PMCID: PMC8852952.

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/35165769/

Robinson A, McIntosh J, Peberdy H, et al. The effectiveness of physiotherapy interventions on pain and quality of life in adults with persistent post-surgical pain compared to usual care: A systematic review.

PLoS One. 2019 Dec 13;14(12):e0226227. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0226227. PMID: 31834898; PMCID: PMC6910682.

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/31834898/

Nielsen SS, Christensen JR, Søndergaard J, et al. Feasibility assessment of an occupational therapy lifestyle intervention added to multidisciplinary chronic pain treatment at a Danish pain centre: a qualitative evaluation from the perspectives of patients and clinicians. Int J Qual Stud Health Well-being.

2021 Dec;16(1):1949900. doi: 10.1080/17482631.2021.1949900. PMID: 34252015; PMCID: PMC8276665.

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/34252015/

Kamaci S, Ozdemir E, Utz C, Colosimo A. Mandatory Prescription Limits and Opioid Use After Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction.

Orthop J Sports Med. 2021 Sep 14;9(9):23259671211027546. doi: 10.1177/23259671211027546. PMID: 34541012; PMCID: PMC8445535.

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/34541012/

Recommended Reading February 2022

Vincent K, Evans E. An update on the management of chronic pelvic pain in women.

Anaesthesia. 2021 Apr;76 Suppl 4:96-107. doi: 10.1111/anae.15421. PMID: 33682093.

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/33682093/

Guo R, Chen LH, Xing C, Liu T. Pain regulation by gut microbiota: molecular mechanisms and therapeutic potential.

Br J Anaesth. 2019 Nov;123(5):637-654. doi: 10.1016/j.bja.2019.07.026. Epub 2019 Sep 21. PMID: 31551115.

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/31551115/

Horne AW, Vincent K, Hewitt CA, Middleton LJ, Koscielniak M, Szubert W, Doust AM, Daniels JP; GaPP2 collaborative. Gabapentin for chronic pelvic pain in women (GaPP2): a multicentre, randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. Lancet.

2020 Sep 26;396(10255):909-917. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(20)31693-7. Erratum in: Lancet. 2020 Oct 24;396(10259):1334. PMID: 32979978; PMCID: PMC7527829.

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/32979978/

Till SR, As-Sanie S, Schrepf A. Psychology of Chronic Pelvic Pain: Prevalence, Neurobiological Vulnerabilities, and Treatment.

Clin Obstet Gynecol. 2019  Mar;62(1):22-36. doi: 10.1097/GRF.0000000000000412. PMID: 30383545; PMCID: PMC6340718.

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/30383545/

Woodroffe RW, Pearson AC, Pearlman AM, Howard MA, Nauta HJW, Nagel SJ, Hori YS, Machado AG, Almeida Frizon L, Helland L, Holland MT, Gillies GT, Wilson S. Spinal Cord Stimulation for Visceral Pain: Present Approaches and Future Strategies.

Pain Med. 2020 Oct 1;21(10):2298-2309. doi: 10.1093/pm/pnaa108. PMID: 32719876.
 

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/32719876/https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/32719876/

Nygaard AS, Rydningen MB, Stedenfeldt M, Wojniusz S, Larsen M, Lindsetmo RO, Haugstad GK, Øian P. Group-based multimodal physical therapy in women with chronic pelvic pain: A randomized controlled trial.

Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand. 2020 Oct;99(10):1320-1329. doi: 10.1111/aogs.13896. Epub 2020 Jun 1. PMID: 32386466.


https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/32386466/

Kim BJ, Cho IS, Cho KI. Impact of Mindfulness Based Stress Reduction Therapy on Myocardial Function and Endothelial Dysfunction in Female Patients with Microvascular Angina.

J Cardiovasc Ultrasound. 2017 Dec;25(4):118-123. doi: 10.4250/jcu.2017.25.4.118. Epub 2017 Dec 29. PMID: 29333218; PMCID: PMC5762694.
 

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/29333218/

Robinson SC. No exchange, same pain, no gain: Risk-reward of wearable healthcare disclosure of health personally identifiable information for enhanced pain treatment.

Health Informatics J. 2019 Dec;25(4):1675-1691. doi: 10.1177/1460458218796634. Epub 2018 Sep 11. PMID: 30204037.

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/30204037/

Recommended Reading January 2022

Prevalence and Management Challenges in Central Post-Stroke Neuropathic Pain: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis 

Andreas Liampas . Nikolaos Velidakis . Tiffany Georgiou  et al
Adv Ther (2020) 37:3278–3291
 

https://link.springer.com/content/pdf/10.1007/s12325-020-01388-w.pdf


Mapping the network underpinnings of central poststroke pain and analgesic neuromodulation

Elias, Gavin J.B, De Vloo, et al.

PAIN: December 2020 - Volume 161 - Issue 12 - p 2805-2819

https://journals.lww.com/pain/Abstract/2020/12000/Mapping_the_network_underpinnings_of_central.16.aspx
 

Neuropathic Pain: From mechanisms to treatment

Nanna Brix Finnerup, Rohini Kuner, Troels Staehelin Jensen

Physiological Reviews Review Article, 2021, Physiol Rev 101: 259–301

https://journals.physiology.org/doi/pdf/10.1152/physrev.00045.2019

Lessons Learned and Future Actions: Implementing a Stroke Specific Self-Management Program Research Study 

Kimberly Hreha, Mandi Sonnenfeld, Annalisa Na, Riqiea Kitchens, Timothy Reistetter

Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
Volume 102, Issue 10, October 2021, Pages e86-e87

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0003999321012545
 

Dorsal root ganglion stimulation for treatment of central poststroke pain in the lower extremity after medullary infarction

Kretzschmar, Michael, Reining, Marco
PAIN: November 2021 - Volume 162 - Issue 11 - p 2682-2685

https://journals.lww.com/pain/Abstract/2021/11000/Dorsal_root_ganglion_stimulation_for_treatment_of.9.aspx
 

Effect of electroacupuncture on relieving central post-stroke pain by inhibiting autophagy in the hippocampus

Ling Zheng, Xin-Yi Lib, Feng-Zhen Huang Xi et al.

Brain Research, Volume 1733, 15 April 2020, 146680

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0006899320300366
 

The Experience of Post-Stroke Pain and The Impact on Quality of Life: An Integrative Review

Hannah Payton and Andrew Soundy

Behavioural. Science. 2020, 10, 128

https://www.mdpi.com/2076-328X/10/8/128
 

Management of long-term complications of stroke 

NICE Guidance (Last revised September 2021)

https://cks.nice.org.uk/topics/stroke-tia/management/management-of-long-term-complications-of-stroke/

Recommended Reading December 2021

Erlenwein J, Diers M, Ernst J, Schulz F, Petzke F. Clinical updates on phantom limb pain. Pain Rep. 2021 Jan 15;6(1):e888. 

Makin TR, Flor H. Brain (re)organisation following amputation: Implications for phantom limb pain. Neuroimage. 2020 Sep;218:116943. 

Hall N, Eldabe S. Phantom limb pain: a review of pharmacological management. Br J Pain. 2018 Nov;12(4):202-207.

Fuchs X, Flor H, Bekrater-Bodmann R. Psychological Factors Associated with Phantom Limb Pain: A Review of Recent Findings. Pain Res Manag. 2018 Jun 21;2018:5080123.

McCulloch Gallagher R, Sandbrink F. The Socioeconomic Burden of Pain From War. Am J Public Health. 2019 Jan;109(1):41-45. 

Limakatso K, Madden VJ, Manie S, Parker R. The effectiveness of graded motor imagery for reducing phantom limb pain in amputees: a randomised controlled trial. Physiotherapy. 2020 Dec;109:65-74. 

Hoffman HG, Boe DA, Rombokas E, Khadra C, LeMay S, Meyer WJ, Patterson S, Ballesteros A, Pitt SW. Virtual reality hand therapy: A new tool for nonopioid analgesia for acute procedural pain, hand rehabilitation, and VR embodiment therapy for phantom limb pain. J Hand Ther. 2020 Apr-Jun;33(2):254-262. 

Ilfeld BM, Khatibi B, Maheshwari K, Madison SJ, Esa WAS, Mariano ER, Kent ML, Hanling S, Sessler DI, Eisenach JC, Cohen SP, Mascha EJ, Ma C, Padwal JA, Turan A; PAINfRE Investigators. Ambulatory continuous peripheral nerve blocks to treat postamputation phantom limb pain: a multicenter, randomized, quadruple-masked, placebo-controlled clinical trial. Pain. 2021 Mar 1;162(3):938-955. 

Recommended Reading November 2021

Pain. 2021 Sep; 162(9): 2346–2348.

Published online 2021 Mar 15. 

The Valencia consensus-based adaptation of the IASP complex regional pain syndrome diagnostic criteria

Andreas Goebel, Frank Birklein, Florian Brunner et al

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8374712/
 

The Journal of Pain

Available online 20 October 2021

Substance P serum degradation in Complex Regional Pain Syndrome – another piece of the puzzle?

Simone König, Christian Engl, Malte Bayer, et al.


https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S1526590021003539
 

Pain Research and Management

Volume 2020 |Article ID 8182569 | https://doi.org/10.1155/2020/8182569

Prednisone for Acute Complex Regional Pain Syndrome: A Retrospective Cohort Study

Andrew Jamroz, Michael Berger, and Paul Winston

https://www.hindawi.com/journals/prm/2020/8182569/
 

Current Psychology published on line February 2020

Psychological, social and biological correlates of body perception disturbance in complex regional pain syndrome
H. Schulte-Goecking,  M. Azqueta-Gavaldon , C. Storz  et al.


https://epub.ub.uni-muenchen.de/73091/1/Schulte-Goecking2020_Article_PsychologicalSocialAndBiologic.pdf
 

Journal of Translational Autoimmunity
Volume 4, 2021, 100080

Complex regional pain syndrome – Autoimmune or functional neurologic syndrome

Christopher Chang, Patrick McDonnell, M. Eric Gershwin

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2589909020300472

Innov Clin Neurosci. 2020 Apr 1; 17(4-6): 47–52.

Immersive Virtual Reality for Pain Relief in Upper Limb Complex Regional Pain Syndrome: A Pilot Study

Brian Chau, Ivan Phelan, , Phillip Ta et al.

Current Treatment Options in Rheumatology volume 6, pages 299–311 (2020)

The Role of Nonmedical Therapeutic Approaches in the Rehabilitation of Complex Regional Pain Syndrome

Charlotte Boichat, Alison Llewellyn, Sharon Grieve & Candida McCabe 

https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s40674-020-00156-9

Neuromodulation, Volume24, Issue4, June 2021, Pages 708-718

Cost-Effectiveness of Dorsal Root Ganglion Stimulation or Spinal Cord Stimulation for Complex Regional Pain Syndrome

Nagy Mekhail, Timothy R. Deer, Lawrence Poree et al.

 
https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/ner.13134

Recommended Reading October 2021

Exploring the Role of Chronic Pain Clinics: Potential for Opioid Reduction


Amol Patwardhan, , Ryan Matika, , Janalee Gordon, , Brian Singer, , Michelle Salloum, , and Mohab Ibrahim, 

Pain Physician 2018; 21:E 603-E610 • ISSN 2150-1149
 

https://www.painphysicianjournal.com/current/pdf?article=NTUxMA%3D%3D&journal=114

Drug addiction: from bench to bedside

Julian Cheron & Alban de Kerchove d’Exaerde 

Translational Psychiatry volume 11, Article number: 424 (2021)

https://www.nature.com/articles/s41398-021-01542-0

The opioid crisis: Origins, trends, policies, and the roles of pharmacists 

Marie A Chisholm-Burns, Christina A Spivey, Erin Sherwin, James Wheeler, Kenneth Hohmeier, 

American Journal of Health-System Pharmacy, Volume 76, Issue 7, 1 April 2019, Pages 424–435,

https://doi.org/10.1093/ajhp/zxy089

Mental health, pain, and risk of drug misuse: A nationwide cohort study

Dana A Glei, Maxine Weinstein

Addictive Behaviours
Volume 109, October 2020, 106467
 

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0306460320305979#

European Journal of Pain, Volume25, Issue5, May 2021, Pages 949-968

European* clinical practice recommendations on opioids for chronic noncancer pain – Part 1: Role of opioids in the management of chronic noncancer pain

Winfried Häuser, Bart Morlion et al
 

https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1002/ejp.1736

An Innovative Physical Therapy Intervention for Chronic Pain Management and Opioid Reduction Among People Living with HIV

Sara D. Pullen, Carlos del Rio et al
BioResearch Open AccessVol. 9, No. 1

https://www.liebertpub.com/doi/10.1089/biores.2020.0006
 

American Occupational Therapy Association

Recovery With Purpose: Occupational Therapy and Drug and Alcohol Abuse

Ashley Opp

https://www.aota.org/about-occupational-therapy/professionals/mh/articles/recoverywithpurpose.aspx

Recommended Reading September 2021

A web-based, branching logic questionnaire for the automated classification of migraine

Eric A Kaiser, Aleksandra Igdalova, Geoffrey K Aguirre and Brett Cucchiara
Cephalalgia 2019, Vol. 39(10) 1257–1266

https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/full/10.1177/0333102419847749


 

Current concept of the pathophysiology of migraine and new targets for its therapy
Tabeeva G.R. Katsapava Z

Neurology, Neuropsychiatry, Psychosomatics 2020;12(4):143–152

https://nnp.ima-press.net/nnp/article/view/1415/1098

The efficacy of botulinum toxin type-A for intractable chronic migraine patients with no pain-free time

Dominic Atraszkiewicz, Rieko Ito, Anish Bahra

The British Journal of Pain First Published May 24, 2021

https://doi.org/10.1177/20494637211014544
 

Effectiveness of mindfulness by smartphone, for patients with chronic migraine and medication overuse during the Covid-19 emergency

Licia Grazzi, Paul Rizzoli & Frank Andrasik 

Neurological Sciences volume 41, pages 461–462 (2020)

https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10072-020-04659-0
 

Peripheral nerve stimulation registry for intractable migraine headache (RELIEF): a real-life perspective on the utility of occipital nerve stimulation for chronic migraine

Keyoumars Ashkan, Giannis Sokratous, Hartmut Göbel, Vivek Mehta, Astrid Gendolla, Andrew Dowson, Theresa Wodehouse, Axel Heinze & Charly Gaul 

Acta Neurochirurgica, volume 162, pages 3201–3211 (2020)

https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00701-020-04372-z

Neck pain associated with migraine does not necessarily reflect cervical musculoskeletal dysfunction

Zhiqi Liang, Lucy Thomas, Gwendolen Jull, Joanne Minto, Hossein Zareie, Julia Treleaven 

Headache Volume61, Issue6, June 2021, Pages 882-894

https://headachejournal.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/head.14136

United States Patients’ Perspective of Living with Migraine: Country-Specific Results From the Global “My Migraine Voice” Survey

Sarah N. Gibbs, Shweta Shah, Chinmay G. Deshpande, Mark E. Bensink, Michael S. Broder, Paula K. Dumas, Dawn C. Buse, Pamela Vo, Todd J. Schwedt

Headache, Volume 60, Issue7, July/August 2020 Pages 1351-1364

https://headachejournal.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1111/head.13829

NICE Guidelines

Headaches in over 12s: diagnosis and management

Updated May 2021

https://cks.nice.org.uk/topics/migraine/management/

Recommended Reading August 2021

L. Bendtsen, J. M. Zakrzewska, J. Abbott, M. Braschinsky, G. Di Stefano, A. Donnet, P. K. Eide, P. R. L. Leal, S. Maarbjerg, A. May, T. Nurmikko, M. Obermann, T. S. Jensen, G. Cruccu: European Academy of Neurology guideline on trigeminal neuralgia

European Journal of Neurology Volume 26, Issue 6 June 2019 Pg 831 - 849 First published: 12 March 2019

https://doi.org/10.1111/ene.13950C

Eder Gambeta, Juliana G. Chichorro, Gerald W. Zamponi: Trigeminal neuralgia: An overview from pathophysiology to pharmacological treatments
 

Molecular Pain January 26, 2020 Vol 16 1-18

https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/full/10.1177/1744806920901890

Satish V Khadilkar, Varsha A Patil: Medical Management of Trigeminal Neuralgia

 

REVIEW ARTICLE Year : 2021    Volume : 69  Issue : 7   Page : 199-205

https://bit.ly/3xjaNZG

L. N. Melek, M. Devine, T. Renton: The psychosocial impact of orofacial pain in trigeminal neuralgia patients: a systematic review

 

International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Volume 47, Issue 7, July 2018, Pages 869-878

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0901502718300468
 

Zachary S. Mendelson, Jayant R. Velagala, Gurkirat Kohli, Gary M. Heir, Antonios Mammis James, K.Liu
: Pain-Free Outcomes and Durability of Surgical Intervention for Trigeminal Neuralgia: A Comparison of Gamma Knife and Microvascular Decompression

 

World Neurosurgery
Volume 112, April 2018, Pages e732-e746

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S1878875018301840

 

Zamani S, Okhovatian F: Physiotherapy management in the treatment of trigeminal neuralgia – a case report

 

Journal of Physiotherapy Clinical Research 2018, 3(1), 42 -27

https://doi.org/10.22037/jcpr.v3i1.18483

Carolina Venda Nova, Joanna M. Zakrzewska, Sarah R. Baker, Richeal NiRiordain: Treatment Outcomes in Trigeminal Neuralgia–A Systematic Review of Domains, Dimensions and Measures
 

World Neurosurgery: Volume 6, April 2020, 100070

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2590139720300016

Hughes J, de Gray L: Ethical challenges faced when there is a mismatch between guidelines, patient autonomy and clinical practice
 

British Journal of Hospital Medicine Vol. 82, No. 6 Editorial July 2021

https://www.magonlinelibrary.com/doi/abs/10.12968/hmed.2021.0315

 

Recommended Reading July 2021

Anthony L. Komaroff and Lucinda Bateman: Will COVID-19 Lead to Myalgic  Encephalomyelitis/Chronic Fatigue Syndrome?


Frontiers in Pain medicine, 18 January 2021

https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fmed.2020.606824/full?s=03

Jose G. Montoya, Tyson H. Holmes, Jill N. Anderson, Holden T. Maecker, Yael Rosenberg-Hasson, Ian J. Valencia, Lily Chu, Jarred W. Younger, Cristina M. Tato, and Mark M. Davis: Cytokine signature associated with disease severity in chronic fatigue syndrome patients

Research article, Proceedings of the National Academy of Science United States of America

https://www.pnas.org/content/114/34/E7150.full

L. D. Crosby, S. Kalanidhi, A. Bonilla, A. Subramanian, J. S. Ballon & H. Bonilla: Off label use of Aripiprazole shows promise as a treatment for Myalgic Encephalomyelitis/Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (ME/CFS): a retrospective study of 101 patients treated with a low dose of Aripiprazole
 

Journal of Translational Medicine volume 19, Article number: 50 (2021)

https://link.springer.com/article/10.1186/s12967-021-02721-9
 

Carolyn E. Wilshire, Tom Kindlon, Robert Courtney, Alem Matthees, David Tuller, Keith Geraghty & Bruce Levin: Rethinking the treatment of chronic fatigue syndrome—a reanalysis and evaluation of findings from a recent major trial of graded exercise and CBT

BMC Psychology volume 6, Article number: 6 (2018)

https://bmcpsychology.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186
 

Do-Young Kim, Jin-Seok Lee, Samuel-Young Park, Soo-Jin Kim & Chang-Gue Son: Systematic review of randomized controlled trials for chronic fatigue syndrome/myalgic encephalomyelitis (CFS/ME)
 

Journal of Translational Medicine volume 18, Article number: 7 (2020)
 

https://translational-medicine.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12967-019-02196-9

Lillebeth LarunKjetil G BrurbergJan Odgaard-Jensen Jonathan R Price: Exercise therapy for chronic fatigue syndrome
 

Cochrane database of systematic reviews: October 2019
 

https://doi.org/10.1002/14651858.CD003200.pub8

Panagiotis V. Tsaklis: How would a post-virus chronic fatigue syndrome affect the performance of workers that fell ill from COVID-19?

IETI Transactions on Ergonomics and Safety 2020, Volume 4, Issue 1, 9-13

https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Panagiotis-Tsaklis-Phd/publication/344781553

Amberly Brigden, Alison Shaw & Esther Crawley: “It’s a medical condition … you need to support as much as possible”: a qualitative analysis of teachers’ experiences of chronic fatigue syndrome / myalgic encephalomyelitis (CFS/ME)
 

BMC Paediatrics volume 21, Article number: 6 (2021)

https://link.springer.com/article/10.1186/s12887-020-02461-7

Recommended Reading June 2021

Aziza Alenezi, Asma Yahyouche & Vibhu Paudyal:  Current status of opioid epidemic in the United Kingdom and strategies for treatment optimisation in chronic pain 

International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy volume 43, pages 318–322 (2021) 

https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s11096-020-01205-y 

Zoë Dworsky-Fried, Bradley J.Kerra, Anna M.W.Taylor: Microbes, microglia, and pain 

Neurobiology of Pain, Volume 7, January–July 2020, 100045 

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2452073X20300039 

Wainberg M, Jacobs, GR, di Forti M, Tripathy SJ:  Cannabis, schizophrenia genetic risk, and psychotic experiences: a cross-sectional study of 109,308 participants from the UK Biobank 

Translational Psychiatry volume 11, Article number: 211 (2021) • Published: 09 April 2021 

https://www.nature.com/articles/s41398-021-01330-w 

Bertha K. Madras, Ph.D., and Hilary Connery, M.D., Ph.D. Psychiatry and the Opioid Overdose Crisis  focus.psychiatryonline.org Focus Vol. 17, No. 2, Spring 2019 

https://focus.psychiatryonline.org/doi/full/10.1176/appi.focus.20190003 

Martin John Wilby, Ashley Best, Eifiona Wood, Girvan Burnside, Emma Bedson, Hannah Short, Dianne Wheatley, Daniel Hill-McManus, Manohar Sharma, Simon Clark, Ganesan Baranidharan, Cathy Price, Richard Mannion, Peter J Hutchinson, Dyfrig A Hughes, Anthony Marson, Paula R Williamson: Surgical microdiscectomy versus transforaminal epidural steroid injection in patients with sciatica secondary to herniated lumbar disc (NERVES): a phase 3, multicentre, open-label, randomised controlled trial and economic evaluation.  

Lancet Rheumatology 2021 Published Online March 18, 2021   

https://doi.org/10.1016/S2665-9913(21)00036-9 

Arlette Albisser, Yann Le Clec’h, Haiko Sprott First Neck pain and migraine: Association or cause? A narrative review of the literature Clinical and Translational Neuroscience 

April 4, 2019 

https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/full/10.1177/2514183X19834768 

Hill W: The role of occupational therapy in pain management, Anaesthesia & Intensive Care Medicine, Volume 17, Issue 9, September 2016, Pages 451-453 

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S1472029916300820 

Recommended Reading May 2021

Ani Nalbandian, Kartik Sehgal, Elaine Y. Wan: Post-acute COVID-19 syndrome. Nature Medicine (2021)

https://www.nature.com/articles/s41591-021-01283-z

Beukenhorst, Anna L. Schultz, David M. McBeth, John. Sergeant, Jamie C. Dixon, William G: Are weather conditions associated with chronic musculoskeletal pain? Review of results and methodologies. PAIN: April 2020 - Volume 161 - Issue 4 - p 668-683 

https://journals.lww.com/pain/FullText/2020/04000/Are_weather_conditions_associated_with_chronic.3.aspx 

Giovanni E Ferreira, Andrew J McLachlan, Chung-Wei Christine Lin, Joshua R Zadro, Christina Abdel-Shaheed, Mary O’Keefe, Chris G Maher: Efficacy and safety of antidepressants for the treatment of back pain and osteoarthritis: systematic review and meta-analysis. BMJ 2021 Jan; 372 

https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.m4825 

Nina Bendelin, Pär Björkdahl , Mimmi Risell, Karin Zetterqvist Nelson, Björn Gerdle, Gerhard Andersson and Monica Buhrman: Patients’ experiences of internet-based Acceptance and commitment therapy for chronic pain: a qualitative study. BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders (2020) 21:212 

https://link.springer.com/content/pdf/10.1186/s12891-020-03198-1.pdf 

Simon Thomson  Frank Huygen  Simon Prangnell  José De Andrés  Ganesan Baranidharan  Hayat Belaïd  Neil Berry  Bart Billet  Jan Cooil  Giuliano De Carolis  Laura Demartini  Sam Eldabe  Kliment Gatzinsky  Jan W. Kallewaard  Kaare Meier  Mery Paroli  Angela Stark  Matthias Winkelmüller  Herman Stoevelaar: Appropriate referral and selection of patients with chronic pain for spinal cord stimulation: European consensus recommendations and e‐health tool.

European Journal of Pain: Volume24, Issue 6, July 2020, Pages 1169-1181 

https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1002/ejp.1562 

A. Leung-Wright: Physiotherapy for chronic pelvic pain: a review of the latest evidence. Journal of Pelvic, Obstetric and Gynaecological Physiotherapy, Autumn 2020, 127, 26–38  

https://www.csp.org.uk/system/files/documents/2020-08/06_leung-wright.pdf 

Émilie Lagueux, Andréa Dépelteau and Julie Masse: Occupational Therapy’s Unique Contribution to Chronic Pain Management: A Scoping Review. Pain Research and Management Volume 2018 |Article ID 5378451 | https://doi.org/10.1155/2018/5378451 

https://www.hindawi.com/journals/prm/2018/5378451/ 

Karen D. Davis, Herta Flor, Henry T. Greely, Gian Domenico Iannetti, Sean Mackey, Markus Ploner, Amanda Pustilnik, Irene Tracey, Rolf-Detlef Treede and Tor D. Wager: Brain imaging tests for chronic pain: medical, legal and ethical issues and recommendations. October 2017, Volume 13, 624 -638 

https://www.nature.com/articles/nrneurol.2017.122.pdf?origin=ppub 

Recommended Reading April 2021

C. Small, H. Laycock:  Acute postoperative pain management BJS Volume107, Issue2  Special Issue: Advances in perioperative care  January 2020 

https://doi.org/10.1002/bjs.11477 

Tonia L. Vincent: Peripheral pain mechanisms in osteoarthritis Pain. 2020 Sep; 161(1): S138–S146. 

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7434216/ 

Friso de Vries, Mees Bruin, Daniel J Lobatto, Olaf M Dekkers, Jan W Schoones, Wouter R van Furth, Alberto M Pereira, Niki Karavitaki, Nienke R Biermasz, Amir H Zamanipoor Najafabadi: Opioids and Their Endocrine Effects: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis.

The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism, Volume 105, Issue 4, April 2020, Pages 1020–1029 

https://doi.org/10.1210/clinem/dgz022 

Christopher Eccleston, Fiona M. Blyth, Blake F. Dear, Emma A. Fisher, Francis J. Keefe, Mary E. Lynch, Tonya M. Palermo, M. Carrington Reid, and Amanda C de C Williams:  Managing patients with chronic pain during the COVID-19 outbreak: considerations for the rapid introduction of remotely supported (eHealth) pain management services. Pain. 2020 May; 161(5): 889–893. 

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7172975/ 

Elbert A. Joostena and Glenn Frankena: Spinal cord stimulation in chronic neuropathic pain: mechanisms of action, new locations, new paradigms Pain. 2020 Sep; 161(1): S104–S113. 

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7434213/ 

Anne Mette Schmidt, Trine Bay Laurberg, Line Thorndal Moll, Berit Schiøttz-Christensen, Thomas Maribo: The effect of an integrated multidisciplinary rehabilitation programme for patients with chronic low back pain: Long-term follow up of a randomised controlled trial. Clinical Rehabilitation, October 2020 

https://doi.org/10.1177%2F0269215520963856 

Jennifer Pearson, Katie Whale, Nicola E Walsh, Sandi Derham,  Julie Russell,  Fiona Cramp: 

Fibromyalgia Self‐Management: Mapping the behaviour change techniques used in a practice‐based programme    Musculoskeletal Care Volume18, Issue3, September 2020,  Pages 372-382 

https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1002/msc.1470 

L McLean House, II, MD, Kayla N Tabari, RN, Travis N Rieder, PhD, Zachary L McCormick, MD  Pain in the Pandemic: Ethical Approaches During COVID-19  

Pain Medicine, Volume 21, Issue 11, November 2020, Pages 2629–2633 

https://doi.org/10.1093/pm/pnaa222 

Recommended Reading March 2021

Clauw D, Hauser W, Cohen S, Fitzcharles MA: Considering the potential for an increase in chronic pain after the COVID-19 pandemic Pain. 2020 Aug; 161(8): 1694–1697. 

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7302093/ 

Gary R: William D. Willis, Jr, MD, PhD Memorial Lecture: The evolutionary history of nerve growth factor and nociception.  Published online 2020 Aug 19. doi: 10.1097/j.pain.0000000000001889; Pain. 2020 Sep; 161(1): S36–S47. 

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7434219/ 

Blanco FJ, Guermazi A, Miki K, Yamabe T, Viktrup L, Junor R, Carey W, Brown M, West C, Verburg KSubcutaneous tanezumab for osteoarthritis of the hip or knee: efficacy and safety results from a 24-week randomised phase III study with a 24-week follow-up period. Ann Rheum Dis 2020;79:800–810. doi:10.1136/annrheumdis-2019-216296 

http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/annrheumdis-2019-216296 

Shapiro, F: The Role of Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR) Therapy in Medicine: Addressing the Psychological and Physical Symptoms Stemming from Adverse Life Experiences Perm J. 2014 Winter; 18(1): 71–77. 

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3951033/ 

Manchikanti L, Kosanovic R, Vanaparthy R, Vangala B, Soin A, Sachdeva H, Shah S, Knezevic N, Hirsch J. Steroid Distancing in Interventional Pain Management During COVID-19 and Beyond: Safe, Effective and Practical Approach  Pain Physician 2020; 23:S319-S350 • ISSN 2150-1149 

https://www.painphysicianjournal.com/current/pdf?article=NzEwNQ%3D%3D&journal=129 

Trujillo M, Alvarez A, Nguyen L, Petros J  Embodiment in Virtual Reality for the Treatment of Chronic Low Back Pain: A Case Series  J Pain Res. 2020; 13: 3131–3137. Published online 2020 Nov 25. doi: 10.2147/JPR.S275312 

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7701139/ 

Nicholson C, Edwards M, Carson A, Gardiner P, Golder D, Hayword K, Humblestone S,  Jinadu H, Lumsden C, MacLean J, Main L, Macgregor L, Nielsen G, Oakley L, Price J, Ranford J, Ranu J, Sum E, Stone J - Occupational therapy consensus recommendations for functional neurological disorder J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 2020;91:1037–1045. doi:10.1136/jnnp-2019-322281 

https://jnnp.bmj.com/content/jnnp/91/10/1037.full.pdf 

Chan S, Tulloch E, Cooper S, Smith A, Wojcik W, Norman J: Montgomery and informed consent: where are we now?  BMJ 2017; 357 doi: https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.j2224 (Published 12 May 2017) 

https://www.bmj.com/content/357/bmj.j2224